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Crypto Glossary

# A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



0x Protocol

A decentralized exchange protocol that enables the peer-to-peer trading of Ethereum-based tokens.

51% Attack

A cyberattack on a blockchain network where an entity gains control of more than 50% of the network’s mining power, allowing them to manipulate transactions and consensus.



A unique identifier used in cryptocurrencies to send and receive funds, typically a string of characters representing a digital wallet.


The distribution of free cryptocurrency tokens or coins to a group of users, often as part of a promotional campaign or to reward loyal customers.

All-Time High (ATH)

The highest price ever reached by a cryptocurrency or asset in its trading history.


Any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin, often created as an alternative or competitor to the original cryptocurrency.

Anti Money Laundering (AML)

A set of regulations and practices aimed at preventing the illegal conversion of illicitly gained funds into legitimate assets, often applied to cryptocurrency exchanges and businesses.


The practice of taking advantage of price differences for the same asset on different exchanges or markets to make a profit by buying low and selling high.


Beacon Chain

The core component of Ethereum 2.0, responsible for managing the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism and network validators.

Bear Market

A market condition where the prices of assets, like cryptocurrencies, are generally declining, often associated with pessimism and investor caution.


The first and most well-known cryptocurrency, created by an anonymous entity known as Satoshi Nakamoto, used for peer-to-peer digital transactions.

Bitcoin Core

The primary software implementation for running and maintaining the Bitcoin network.

Bitcoin Dominance

A metric indicating Bitcoin’s market capitalization as a percentage of the total cryptocurrency market, often used to gauge Bitcoin’s relative influence.


A collection of transactions bundled together and added to a blockchain, forming the basic unit of data storage in the blockchain.

Block Height

A numerical value representing the position of a block within a blockchain’s chronological order, used for referencing and verifying transactions.


A decentralized and immutable digital ledger that records transactions across multiple computers, providing transparency, security, and trust.

Bull Market

A market condition where the prices of assets, like cryptocurrencies, are generally rising, often characterized by optimism and investor confidence.



Candlestick: A visual representation of price movements in a specified time frame, commonly used in financial analysis to understand market trends. Each candlestick has a body (the rectangular part) and wicks (lines), indicating the opening, closing, high, and low prices during that time period.


Centralized: A system or organization in which control, decision-making, and data are concentrated in a single central authority or entity. Decisions and operations are typically managed from a central point, which can lead to potential vulnerabilities and single points of failure.


Coin: A digital or physical unit of currency that serves as a medium of exchange. In the context of cryptocurrencies, a coin represents a specific cryptocurrency, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum, and can be used for transactions, investments, or as a store of value within their respective blockchain networks.

Crypto Protokol

Crypto Protocol: A set of rules and conventions governing the communication and interaction between participants in a blockchain network. Crypto protocols ensure the secure and reliable operation of blockchain technology, including consensus mechanisms, data validation, and encryption techniques used to maintain the integrity of transactions and the overall network.

Crypto Winter

Crypto Winter: A period in the cryptocurrency market characterized by a significant and prolonged decline in the prices of cryptocurrencies. During a crypto winter, investor enthusiasm wanes, and there’s a reduced interest in blockchain and cryptocurrency projects. It often follows a speculative boom and serves to weed out less viable projects, leading to a maturation of the industry.


Cryptocurrency: A type of digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security. Cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized blockchain technology, enabling secure and transparent peer-to-peer transactions. They are not controlled by any central authority, like a government or bank, and include well-known examples such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. Cryptocurrencies can be used for various purposes, including online purchases, investments, and as a store of value.


Cryptography: The practice of using mathematical techniques and algorithms to secure and protect information from unauthorized access or modification. In the context of blockchain and cryptocurrencies, cryptography is crucial for creating secure transactions, digital wallets, and ensuring the integrity and privacy of data stored on the blockchain. It plays a central role in safeguarding the security of digital assets and the trustworthiness of blockchain networks.


Decentralized Application (DApp)

Decentralized Application (DApp): A software application that runs on a decentralized network, typically a blockchain, and operates without a central authority. DApps leverage blockchain’s transparency and security, allowing users to interact directly without intermediaries. Examples include DeFi platforms and blockchain games.

Decentralized Autonomous Cooperative (DAC)

Decentralized Autonomous Cooperative (DAC): A self-governing organization that operates on blockchain technology, enabling members to make collective decisions without central control. DACs use smart contracts to manage rules and activities, promoting transparency and fairness among participants in various collaborative endeavors.

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO): An autonomous and self-executing organization governed by code on a blockchain. DAOs enable participants to make decisions and manage resources collectively through smart contracts. They are designed to be transparent, democratic, and trustless, with rules encoded in code rather than relying on a central authority.

Decentralized Exchange (DEX)

Decentralized Exchange (DEX): A digital marketplace for trading cryptocurrencies and tokens that operates without a central authority. DEXs use blockchain technology and smart contracts to facilitate peer-to-peer transactions, allowing users to trade directly from their wallets. They offer increased privacy, security, and control compared to centralized exchanges.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

Decentralized Finance (DeFi): A financial ecosystem built on blockchain technology that aims to recreate traditional financial services such as lending, borrowing, and trading in a decentralized and open manner. DeFi applications use smart contracts to eliminate intermediaries, providing greater accessibility and financial inclusion while allowing users to retain control over their assets.


Decryption: The process of converting encrypted or encoded data back into its original, readable form using an appropriate key or algorithm. It is the opposite of encryption, where information is transformed into a coded format to protect its confidentiality during transmission or storage.


Delisting: The removal of a cryptocurrency or asset from a trading platform or exchange. Delisting can occur for various reasons, including lack of liquidity, regulatory issues, security concerns, or the asset no longer meeting the exchange’s criteria. When a cryptocurrency is delisted, it is no longer available for trading on that specific platform.

Do Your Own Research (DYOR)

Do Your Own Research (DYOR): A common abbreviation in the cryptocurrency and blockchain space, encouraging individuals to independently investigate and evaluate an asset, project, or investment opportunity before making decisions. DYOR emphasizes the importance of personal due diligence to minimize risks and make informed choices in a rapidly evolving and sometimes speculative market.

Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA)

Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA): An investment strategy in which an individual invests a fixed amount of money at regular intervals (e.g., monthly) regardless of the asset’s current price. DCA reduces the impact of market volatility, as it typically results in buying more of an asset when prices are low and less when prices are high. This approach aims to average out the cost of acquiring an asset over time, potentially reducing the risk associated with trying to time the market.

Double Spending

Double Spending: A potential issue in digital currencies where the same cryptocurrency is spent or used for multiple transactions by exploiting a flaw or lack of consensus in the network. Preventing double spending is a crucial aspect of blockchain technology, achieved through consensus mechanisms like Proof of Work (PoW) or Proof of Stake (PoS), which ensure that each unit of cryptocurrency can only be used once in a secure and transparent manner.



Encryption is the process of converting information or data into a code or cipher to prevent unauthorized access or protect it from being read by anyone who doesn’t have the decryption key. It ensures data confidentiality and security.


ERC-20: A widely adopted standard for creating fungible tokens on the Ethereum blockchain, enabling the development of various cryptocurrencies and tokens with consistent features and compatibility.


ETH/BTC: A commonly used trading pair that represents the exchange rate between Ethereum (ETH) and Bitcoin (BTC). It shows how many Bitcoins you need to buy one Ethereum or vice versa, indicating the relative value of these two cryptocurrencies in the market.


Ethash: The proof-of-work (PoW) hashing algorithm used in the Ethereum blockchain to secure the network and validate transactions. Miners use Ethash to solve complex mathematical puzzles, which is a key part of the consensus mechanism, ensuring the integrity of the Ethereum network.


Ether (ETH): The native cryptocurrency of the Ethereum blockchain. Ether is used for various purposes, including paying transaction fees, executing smart contracts, and serving as a store of value within the Ethereum network. It’s a vital component of the Ethereum ecosystem.

Ethereum Request For Comment (ERC)

Ethereum Request For Comment (ERC): A formal proposal or standard for creating and implementing improvements, tokens, or smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. ERCs are numbered, allowing developers to reference and discuss specific proposals. They are a way to suggest and gain consensus for changes and additions to the Ethereum ecosystem. Examples include ERC-20 for tokens and ERC-721 for non-fungible tokens (NFTs).

Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)

Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM): A decentralized, Turing-complete runtime environment that executes smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. The EVM enables the processing and validation of smart contract code, ensuring consistency and security across the Ethereum network. It plays a central role in the execution of decentralized applications (DApps) and the overall functionality of Ethereum.


Exchange: A platform where users can buy, sell, or trade cryptocurrencies and other digital assets. Exchanges facilitate the exchange of one type of cryptocurrency for another or for fiat currency like USD or EUR. They come in various forms, including centralized (CEX) and decentralized (DEX) exchanges, each with its own features and benefits.

Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)

Exchange Traded Fund (ETF): A type of investment fund and exchange-traded product that holds a diversified portfolio of assets, such as stocks, bonds, or cryptocurrencies. ETFs are traded on stock exchanges, allowing investors to buy and sell shares throughout the trading day. They offer diversification and liquidity, making them a popular choice for investors looking to gain exposure to various assets without directly owning them.


Fan Tokens

Fan tokens are digital assets or cryptocurrency tokens issued by sports teams, entertainment companies, or other organizations to engage with their fan base. These tokens often grant fans certain privileges or benefits, such as voting rights on team decisions or exclusive access to content or events.

Fear Of Missing Out (FOMO)

As you mentioned, FOMO is a psychological phenomenon where individuals experience anxiety or unease due to the fear of not participating in a potentially rewarding opportunity. In the context of cryptocurrency, it often leads people to make impulsive and emotionally driven investment decisions, like buying assets at higher prices when they see others profiting.

Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt (FUD)

FUD refers to the spreading of negative or misleading information about a particular investment, project, or asset with the intent of creating fear, uncertainty, and doubt in the minds of investors. It is a tactic used to manipulate markets or discredit a competitor.


Fiat currency is traditional, government-issued currency that is not backed by a physical commodity like gold or silver. Examples include the US Dollar (USD), Euro (EUR), and Japanese Yen (JPY).

Forex (FX)

Forex, short for foreign exchange, is the global marketplace for trading national currencies against one another. Traders in the forex market aim to profit from the exchange rate fluctuations between different currencies.

Full Node

In blockchain technology, a full node is a computer or device that maintains a complete copy of the blockchain ledger and participates in validating and verifying transactions. Full nodes play a crucial role in the security and decentralization of blockchain networks.

Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis is a method used to evaluate the intrinsic value of an asset, such as a stock or cryptocurrency, by analyzing various factors like financial statements, market trends, industry conditions, and company or project fundamentals. It is often used by investors to make informed decisions.


Fungibility refers to the property of an asset where individual units or tokens of the same type are interchangeable and indistinguishable from one another. For example, one dollar bill is interchangeable with any other dollar bill because they have the same value and are fungible. Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are designed to be fungible.



Gas is a unit of measurement in the Ethereum network that represents the computational work required to perform a transaction or execute a smart contract. Users pay gas fees to compensate miners for validating and processing their transactions. The more complex the transaction or contract, the more gas is required.

Gas Limit

The gas limit is the maximum amount of gas that a user is willing to spend on a transaction in the Ethereum network. It is set by the sender to ensure that a transaction doesn’t consume more computational resources than intended. If a transaction exceeds the gas limit, it will fail, and any unused gas will be refunded.

Gas Price

Gas price is the amount of cryptocurrency (usually measured in Ether, Gwei, or other denominations) a user is willing to pay for each unit of gas. It determines how quickly a transaction will be processed by miners. Higher gas prices incentivize miners to prioritize a transaction, while lower prices may result in slower processing.

Genesis Block

The genesis block is the first block in a blockchain. It serves as the foundation upon which all subsequent blocks are built. It contains important information about the cryptocurrency, such as the initial distribution of coins and other network-specific parameters.

Gold-Backed Cryptocurrencies

Gold-backed cryptocurrencies are digital tokens or coins that are backed by physical gold reserves. Each token is typically backed by a certain amount of gold, and the issuer holds the equivalent amount of gold in a secure vault. These cryptocurrencies aim to combine the benefits of digital assets with the stability and intrinsic value of precious metals like gold.


Governance in the context of cryptocurrencies and blockchain refers to the decision-making processes and mechanisms used to manage and update the network’s rules, protocols, and parameters. It often involves the participation of token holders who can vote on proposed changes or upgrades.

Governance Token

A governance token is a cryptocurrency token that grants its holders the right to participate in the governance of a blockchain network. Holders can use these tokens to vote on proposals related to network upgrades, parameter changes, or other decisions affecting the blockchain’s operation.


Gwei is a unit of Ether (ETH), the cryptocurrency of the Ethereum network, used to measure the cost of gas. It stands for gigawei, and it’s a smaller denomination of Ether. Gas prices are often quoted in Gwei, and users specify the gas price in Gwei when making transactions.



A predetermined event in a cryptocurrency’s protocol where the reward given to miners for adding new blocks to the blockchain is reduced by half, typically occurring every four years.

Hard Cap

The maximum limit on the total supply of a cryptocurrency, indicating the highest number of coins or tokens that will ever be created.

Hard Fork

A significant and irreversible change in the rules of a blockchain, resulting in the creation of two separate and incompatible blockchains, each with its own set of rules.

Hardware Wallet

A physical device that stores cryptocurrency keys offline, providing enhanced security compared to software wallets, as it is less vulnerable to online threats.


A fixed-length string of characters generated by applying a mathematical function to data, used to uniquely represent information in a blockchain.

Hash Function

A mathematical algorithm that converts input data into a fixed-size string of characters (hash), commonly used in blockchain for data integrity and security.

Hash Rate

The measure of a cryptocurrency mining network’s processing power, indicating how quickly miners can solve complex mathematical problems to validate transactions and add blocks to the blockchain.

Hierarchical Deterministic Wallet (HD Wallet)

A type of cryptocurrency wallet that generates a tree-like structure of multiple key pairs from a single seed, making it easier to manage and backup keys.


A misspelled term originating from a forum post, it’s now commonly used to mean holding onto cryptocurrencies instead of selling, often during market fluctuations.

Hot Wallet

A cryptocurrency wallet that is connected to the internet, making it convenient for everyday transactions but more susceptible to security risks compared to cold wallets.


Iceberg Order

A trading order strategy where a large order is divided into smaller, hidden orders to avoid impacting the market price significantly.


A representation of the performance of a group of assets, like cryptocurrencies, providing a way to track their overall price movements.

Initial Coin Offering (ICO)

A fundraising method in which new cryptocurrency tokens or coins are sold to investors as a means of raising capital for a project or platform.

Initial Exchange Offering (IEO)

Similar to an ICO, but the token sale is conducted on a cryptocurrency exchange’s platform, providing a level of trust and convenience.


The ability of different blockchain networks or systems to communicate and interact with each other, enabling the transfer of assets and data across multiple platforms.

Isolated Margin

A risk management feature on cryptocurrency exchanges that allows traders to limit their losses by using a predetermined amount of funds to cover a specific trade, isolating it from their overall account balance.


Know Your Customer (KYC)

KYC is a verification process used by financial institutions and cryptocurrency exchanges to confirm the identity of users, helping to prevent fraud, money laundering, and other illegal activities.


Layer 0

A theoretical layer in the blockchain stack that represents the underlying infrastructure and hardware, such as networking and physical data centers.

Layer-1 Blockchain

The base layer of a blockchain network, like Bitcoin or Ethereum, where the main blockchain functions and transactions are processed.


An additional layer built on top of a layer-1 blockchain to improve scalability and transaction speed, often used for activities like micropayments or smart contracts.


A digital record or database that stores transactions and other information in a chronological and immutable manner, commonly associated with blockchain technology.

Lightning Network

A layer-2 scaling solution for Bitcoin that enables faster and cheaper transactions by conducting most transactions off-chain and settling them on the Bitcoin blockchain later.

Limit Order

A type of trading order where an investor specifies a specific price at which they want to buy or sell an asset, executed only when the market reaches that price.


The ease with which an asset can be bought or sold in the market without significantly affecting its price, indicating the market’s depth and accessibility.

Liquidity Crisis

A situation in the financial markets where there is a sudden shortage of liquidity, leading to increased price volatility and potential market disruptions.

Liquidity Provider

Individuals or entities that contribute to market liquidity by offering assets for trading, often through providing buy and sell orders.


The process of adding a cryptocurrency or token to a cryptocurrency exchange, making it available for trading on the platform.



The live and operational blockchain network where actual transactions and operations take place, as opposed to a testnet or development environment.

Margin Trading

A trading strategy where investors borrow funds to trade larger positions than their initial capital, magnifying both potential gains and losses.

Market Capitalization

The total value of a cryptocurrency calculated by multiplying its current market price by the total number of coins or tokens in circulation.

Market Order

A type of trading order where an investor buys or sells an asset at the current market price, executing the order immediately.

Maximum Supply

The maximum number of cryptocurrency coins or tokens that will ever be created, as defined by the project’s protocol.


A temporary storage area in a blockchain where unconfirmed transactions wait to be included in a block, often affecting transaction processing times.

Merkle Tree

A data structure used in blockchains to efficiently verify the integrity of transactions and blocks by hashing and organizing data in a tree-like structure.

Merged Mining

A process where miners can simultaneously mine multiple cryptocurrencies that share a similar consensus algorithm, increasing security and efficiency.


A virtual universe or digital space where users can interact, socialize, and potentially conduct economic activities using blockchain technology.


The process of validating and adding new transactions to a blockchain by solving complex mathematical puzzles using computational power.

Mining Farm

A facility filled with specialized computer hardware designed for cryptocurrency mining, often used to increase mining efficiency and yield.



A computer or device that participates in a blockchain network by maintaining a copy of the blockchain and helping to validate and relay transactions. Nodes are essential for the network’s security and decentralization.

Non-fungible Token (NFT)

A unique digital asset that represents ownership or proof of authenticity of a specific item or piece of content, often used for collectibles, art, and virtual goods, as each NFT is distinct and cannot be exchanged on a one-to-one basis with other tokens.


A cryptographic number included in the header of a blockchain transaction, used to ensure the uniqueness of each transaction and prevent double-spending. The nonce value must be incremented with each new transaction from the same sender to differentiate them.


OCO Order

A type of trading order called “One Cancels the Other,” where two conditional orders are placed simultaneously, and when one is executed, the other is canceled.


Transactions or data that occur outside of the blockchain, often used to reduce congestion and improve scalability in blockchain networks.


Transactions or data that are recorded directly on the blockchain, becoming part of the public ledger and subject to consensus rules.


A popular online marketplace for buying, selling, and trading non-fungible tokens (NFTs), including digital collectibles and art.

Options Market

A financial market where participants trade options contracts, which give them the right (but not the obligation) to buy or sell assets at a predetermined price and time.


A trusted data source or service that provides real-world information to smart contracts on the blockchain, enabling them to make decisions based on external data.

Order Book

A record of buy and sell orders for a particular asset or cryptocurrency on an exchange, showing the current supply and demand levels.

Ouroboros Praos

A consensus algorithm used in the Cardano blockchain network, designed to achieve security and scalability through a proof-of-stake mechanism.


Paper Wallet

A physical document or printout containing a cryptocurrency’s public and private keys, often used for offline storage and security.


A parallel blockchain connected to a main blockchain, typically used in Polkadot’s network to enhance scalability and functionality.

Peer-to-Peer (P2P)

A decentralized network where participants interact directly with each other, such as in P2P cryptocurrency transactions.


A cyberattack where malicious entities impersonate legitimate sources to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information like passwords or private keys.

Play-to-Earn (Play2Earn)

A gaming model in which players can earn cryptocurrency or digital assets by participating in and achieving success in the game.

Ponzi Scheme

A fraudulent investment scheme where returns to earlier investors are paid using funds from newer investors, creating a cycle that eventually collapses.

Private Blockchain

A blockchain with restricted access, often used by organizations for internal purposes and not publicly accessible.

Private Key

A confidential and secret cryptographic key used to access and control cryptocurrency holdings in a wallet.

Proof-of-History (PoH)

A consensus mechanism that timestamps transactions and events on a blockchain, contributing to the overall security and order of the network.

Proof of Reserves (PoR)

A verification method used by cryptocurrency exchanges to prove they hold the assets they claim to have in reserve.

Proof of Stake (PoS)

A consensus mechanism in which validators are chosen to create new blocks and secure the blockchain based on the amount of cryptocurrency they “stake” as collateral.

Proof-of-Work (PoW)

A consensus mechanism that requires participants (miners) to perform computational work to validate and add new transactions to the blockchain.

Public Address

A string of characters that represents the destination for cryptocurrency transactions, typically shared with others to receive funds.

Public Key

A cryptographic key that corresponds to a public address, used to verify digital signatures and encrypt messages sent to the owner of the associated private key.


Quantum Bit (Qubit)

The fundamental unit of quantum information, analogous to a classical binary bit (0 or 1), but a qubit can exist in multiple states simultaneously due to quantum superposition, making it a key component in quantum computing.

Quantum Computing

A cutting-edge computing paradigm that uses qubits and quantum principles, offering the potential for exponentially faster and more complex computations compared to classical computers by leveraging phenomena like superposition and entanglement.


Recovery Seed

A sequence of words used to restore access to a cryptocurrency wallet in case it’s lost or the wallet needs to be recreated.

Regional/Local/Community Currencies

Currencies issued and used within specific geographic areas or communities to promote local economic activity and reduce reliance on national or global currencies.

Relay Chain

In a blockchain network like Polkadot, it’s the main chain responsible for coordinating communication between different blockchains, often referred to as parachains.

Relay Nodes

Nodes in a blockchain network that facilitate the transfer of data and transactions between different parts of the network, enhancing its overall efficiency.

Replicated Ledger

A type of distributed ledger where multiple copies of the same data are stored across multiple locations or nodes for redundancy and fault tolerance.


A strategic plan or timeline outlining the development and future milestones of a blockchain project or cryptocurrency, helping users understand its long-term goals.

ROI (Return on Investment)

A financial metric that measures the profitability of an investment, often expressed as a percentage, indicating how much profit is generated relative to the initial investment.


Satoshi (SATS)

The smallest unit of Bitcoin, equal to one hundred millionth of a Bitcoin (0.00000001 BTC), named after its creator Satoshi Nakamoto.

Satoshi Nakamoto

The pseudonymous person or group behind the invention of Bitcoin and the author of its whitepaper, whose true identity remains unknown.


Deceptive and fraudulent schemes designed to trick individuals into losing their assets or personal information.


A cryptocurrency created with the intent to deceive or defraud users, lacking genuine utility or technology.

Second-Layer Solutions

Technologies built on top of existing blockchains to enhance scalability and transaction speed, such as the Lightning Network for Bitcoin.

Secure Proof of Stake (SPoS)

A variation of the proof-of-stake consensus mechanism designed to enhance security in blockchain networks.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

A regulatory agency in the United States responsible for overseeing and enforcing securities laws, including those related to cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings (ICOs).

Security Token

A type of cryptocurrency token representing ownership in an asset, subject to relevant securities regulations.

Seed Phrase

A sequence of words used to generate private keys for cryptocurrency wallets, allowing users to recover their wallet and funds.

Segregated Witness (SegWit)

A protocol upgrade for Bitcoin that separates transaction data from witness data, improving scalability and security.

Semantic Web

An evolving web technology aimed at adding meaning and context to web content, potentially enhancing data accessibility and usability.


A cryptographic hash function used in Bitcoin’s proof-of-work algorithm to secure transactions and blocks.


A scalability technique that partitions a blockchain’s data and transactions into smaller segments, improving network performance.

Shiba Inu Token (SHIB)

A cryptocurrency token inspired by the Shiba Inu dog breed, often used for speculative trading.


A derogatory term for a cryptocurrency with little to no value, often associated with fraudulent or poorly designed projects.

Smart Contract

Self-executing, code-based agreements on a blockchain that automatically execute actions when predefined conditions are met.


A momentary record of a blockchain’s state, typically used for airdrops or forks.

Soft Fork (Blockchain)

An update to a blockchain protocol that is backward-compatible, meaning nodes that haven’t upgraded can still participate in the network.

Software Wallet

A digital wallet for storing cryptocurrencies, implemented as software applications or mobile apps.


A programming language used to write smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain.

Spot Market

A market where assets, like cryptocurrencies, are bought and sold for immediate delivery and settlement.


A type of cryptocurrency designed to maintain a stable value, often pegged to a fiat currency or a commodity.


The process of participating in proof-of-stake networks by locking up or “staking” cryptocurrency to secure the network and earn rewards.

Staking Pool

A collective of cryptocurrency holders who combine their resources to increase their chances of earning rewards in a proof-of-stake network.

Stop-Loss Order

A trading order that automatically sells a cryptocurrency at a predetermined price to limit potential losses.



A distributed ledger technology used in IOTA, based on a directed acyclic graph (DAG) structure, enabling feeless and scalable transactions.

Technical Analysis (TA)

The process of analyzing historical price and trading data to make predictions about future price movements and market trends for cryptocurrencies and other assets.


A consensus algorithm and platform for building blockchain applications, providing Byzantine fault tolerance and high performance.


A separate blockchain network environment used for testing and development, allowing users to experiment with new features or applications without risking real assets.


Short for “The Decentralized Autonomous Organization,” it was a crowdfunded project on the Ethereum blockchain that aimed to create a decentralized investment fund but was involved in a significant controversy and a subsequent hard fork.

The Merge (Ethereum 2.0)

A planned upgrade to the Ethereum blockchain that will transition it from a proof-of-work (PoW) to a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, increasing scalability and reducing energy consumption.

Think Long Term (TLT)

An investment strategy that encourages holding cryptocurrencies or assets for an extended period, rather than engaging in short-term trading.


A record of the date and time when a particular event, like a cryptocurrency transaction, occurs, used to establish chronological order and verify data.


A digital or cryptographic representation of an asset, utility, or value on a blockchain, often used to represent ownership or access rights.

Token Economy

The ecosystem of digital tokens and assets, their exchange, and utilization within a blockchain or cryptocurrency network.

Token Standard

A set of rules and standards that define how a specific type of token should behave and interact on a blockchain, such as the ERC-20 standard for Ethereum-based tokens.


The process of converting physical or digital assets, like real estate or artwork, into blockchain-based tokens, making them tradable and divisible.

Total Exchange Volume

The sum of all trading activities on cryptocurrency exchanges over a specific time period, indicating the overall liquidity and market activity.

Total Supply

The maximum number of cryptocurrency tokens or coins that will ever be created, a crucial factor influencing the token’s value.

Total Value Locked (TVL)

The total amount of cryptocurrency or assets locked into decentralized finance (DeFi) protocols and applications, serving as a metric for the popularity and usage of these platforms.

Trade Volume

The total amount of a cryptocurrency traded on an exchange over a specific period, providing insights into market activity.

Trading Volume

Similar to trade volume, it represents the total value or number of cryptocurrency assets traded within a particular timeframe.


A popular online platform for charting and analyzing financial markets, including cryptocurrencies, with various technical analysis tools and indicators.

Transaction (TX)

An action on a blockchain network involving the transfer of cryptocurrency or data from one address to another, recorded in a block.

Transaction Fee

A fee paid by users to incentivize miners or validators to process their transactions on a blockchain network.

Transactions Per Second (TPS)

A measure of a blockchain network’s processing speed, indicating how many transactions it can handle in one second.



Uniswap is a decentralized cryptocurrency exchange (DEX) built on the Ethereum blockchain. It allows users to swap various cryptocurrencies without the need for an intermediary.

UNI Token

UNI is the native governance token of the Uniswap platform. Holders of UNI tokens have the right to vote on proposals and changes to the Uniswap protocol.

Utility Mining

Utility mining is a mechanism where users can earn cryptocurrency tokens by using a specific blockchain application or service. It incentivizes user participation and engagement.

Utility Token

A utility token is a type of cryptocurrency that provides access to a specific product or service within a blockchain ecosystem. Unlike security tokens, they are not designed as investments but offer specific utilities or functionalities.



A participant in a blockchain network who validates and processes transactions, contributing to reaching consensus and maintaining the network’s security.

Vanity Address

A customized cryptocurrency wallet address deliberately crafted to contain specific characters or patterns, often for personalization or branding purposes.

Verification Code

A code sent to a user’s device or email used to verify identity or access to an account, often for security purposes during the login process.

Virgin Bitcoin

Bitcoin that has no transaction history, typically newly mined coins that have not been used in any transactions.

Virtual Automated Market Makers (vAMMs)

Automated systems that facilitate decentralized trading of cryptocurrencies, using algorithms to determine asset prices and provide liquidity in a decentralized exchange.

Vitalik Buterin

A co-founder of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin is a prominent figure in the cryptocurrency and blockchain space, known for his role in creating Ethereum and advocating for blockchain technology’s development.


The degree of variation in the price of an asset, such as a cryptocurrency, over time. High volatility means prices can change rapidly and dramatically in a short period.


In the context of trading or cryptocurrency exchanges, volume refers to the total amount of a particular cryptocurrency traded within a given timeframe. It indicates market activity.



A wallet is a digital or physical tool that allows individuals to store, send, and receive cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum. It consists of a private key (for security) and a public address (for receiving funds), enabling users to manage their crypto assets.


Web3 refers to a vision of the internet where blockchain technology is integrated into the fabric of the web, enabling decentralized applications (dApps) and providing users with greater control over their data and online interactions. It aims to create a more user-centric, trustless, and open internet ecosystem.


Wei is the smallest and fundamental unit of ether (ETH), the cryptocurrency used on the Ethereum blockchain. It represents the base denomination for measuring the value of ether. There are one quintillion (1018) wei in one ether. Wei is typically used for microtransactions and gas calculations on the Ethereum network due to its precision.


Wei is the smallest unit of cryptocurrency in the Ethereum network. It’s named after Wei Dai, a cryptography pioneer. One Ether (ETH) is equivalent to one quintillion Wei (1018 Wei).


A whitepaper is a detailed document often released by a cryptocurrency or blockchain project that outlines its technology, goals, and plans. It typically provides technical information, use cases, and sometimes a roadmap for the project, serving as a foundational source of information for potential investors and users.


Wrapping, in the context of cryptocurrencies, refers to the process of representing one blockchain’s native asset as an equivalent token on another blockchain. This allows assets to be used and traded across different blockchain networks. For example, wrapping Bitcoin to create Wrapped Bitcoin (WBTC) on the Ethereum blockchain allows Bitcoin to be used in Ethereum-based DeFi applications.

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